Malta’s tourism sector has recently witnessed a significant surge, with a remarkable 20.2% year-on-year increase in inbound tourists recorded in the month of September 2023, projecting the year’s total to approach the significant milestone of 3 million visitors. With the number of approved hotels under construction at the moment, this number is expected to increase to 4.7 million by 2027. This number necessitates a close examination of the positives and implications stemming from this tourism boom in Malta.
Positives of the tourism boom in Malta
The surge in tourism has undeniably infused a much-needed boost to various sectors, including hospitality, retail, and transportation, generating direct and indirect financial benefits. This upward trajectory has resulted in increased employment opportunities and tax revenues, significantly contributing to Malta’s economic vibrancy and vitality. A growing tourist population demands diverse experiences, which can foster a market for new startups to accommodate new needs.
The growth in tourism has enhanced residents’ quality of life, leading to the development of recreational and commercial amenities that might not have been economically viable otherwise. One example is the increased amount of entertainment events organized across the year and the establishment of an extensive air connectivity network that has facilitated travel for Maltese residents to other destinations.
Key issues of the tourism boom in Malta
Key issues affecting both residents and tourists include traffic congestion, littering, waste management, and the adverse impact of overdevelopment on the island’s urban environment and natural landscapes. Maintaining a balance between catering to the demands of tourists and preserving Malta’s rich cultural and environmental legacy remains a critical challenge for sustainable tourism management.
A Deloitte study in 2022 emphasized the pressing sewage concerns, underlining the necessity for immediate investments in upgrading sewage networks in densely populated tourist areas. Failing to address these concerns could lead to severe consequences for Malta’s marine ecosystem and its standing as a premier tourist destination.
A shift in employment patterns
As the economy grows Malta is becoming less reliant on tourism for employment. As such we are seeing more Maltese workers shifting away from jobs in tourist industries. One example is the lack of students willing to pick up catering jobs. Lack of job opportunities in the past meant that students were more willing to undertake these jobs which is not the case today as they are finding jobs in more lucrative areas even whilst studying
The decreasing number of Maltese workers in the tourism sector has contributed to a series of challenges, including increased traffic congestion, sewage concerns, and the growing demand for residential accommodations for foreign workers. These factors underscore the urgent need for a more sustainable approach to managing Malta’s tourism industry.
A new outlook
As Malta grapples with the implications of its thriving tourism sector, a comprehensive and sustainable approach is imperative to safeguard the island’s natural beauty, cultural heritage, and the well-being of its residents. Striking the right balance between catering to the demands of the growing industry and preserving Malta’s unique assets is crucial for the island’s long-term economic prosperity and environmental sustainability.